In this, the second episode of our New York mini series, Nicole talks to Sam Schwartz about the efforts to introduce road and congestion pricing in New York.
Sam Schwartz served as New York City‘s Traffic Commissioner and the New York City Department of Transportation’s Chief Engineer. He now runs his own transport consultancy, Sam Schwartz Engineering, and is a columnist under the moniker Gridlock Sam. Sam also spearheads the Move NY campaign, which has put forward the case for a new approach to managing and financially supporting transport in New York. The proposal includes rationalising the bridge tolls, introducing congestion charging in the city centre and importantly also investing in public transport.
A native New Yorker Sam joined the city’s transport department, which is responsible for street space not public transport, neither surface transport nor subways or commuter rail, as a graduate in the early 1970s.
In the podcast, Sam outlines current efforts with the Move NY campaign to manage congestion, traffic levels and transport demand in New York. He also reflects on the various attempts in the last few decades to introduce road pricing or congestion charging and meet the public transport funding gap in New York – and his part in them.
Check out the Move NY campaign where you can find more detail about Sam’s current proposal. For a summary of Sam’s role in transport in New York read Aaron Renn’s profile of Sam in the Guardian. For a deep dive Sam’s book Street Smart – The Rise of Cities and Fall of Cars offers insight into the his story and changing attitudes to transport in New York.
For more up to date views on transport in New York, you can find Sam’s column in the Daily News.
Look out more episodes of the mini-series coming soon.
London Reconnections heads to New York and brings you the first part of a mini series on transport matters from across the Atlantic. To kick off the series we talk to Ben Kabak who gives us an overview of the transport politics, policy and projects in New York.
Ben Kabak is the Editor of the 2nd Avenue Sagas a website covering all matter transport in New York. What started as a blog in 2006 to trace the progress and politics of the 2nd Avenue Subway has since morphed into a site the spectrum on transport stories: from politics to long range planning, capital investment, funding challenges and new technology adoption.
Ben gives us an introduction to transport in New York’s metropolitan area by outlining the fragmented governance structure with its many institutions in charge. This plays itself out in transport policy and infrastructure pipelines for the region. It does not appear to be leading to coordinated and integrated transport planning for the metropolitan area. Are politician’s ambitions distorting transport investment? How is funding choking transport investment and maintenance of good repair?
Tune in to hear about the challenges of the institutional arrangements, political horse trading and funding for providing transport in New York and some suggestions on how they might be overcome.
Check out Ben’s transport blog where you can find more detail about a lot of the issues touched upon in this podcast, such as the large infrastructure projects such as the Second Avenue Subway, the TriboroRX line, and 7 line extension. For an overview of the instutional arrangments for transport provision in New York, I would recommend the report Getting to the Route of It – The Role of Governance in Regional Transit by the Eno Center for Transportation and Transit Center offers an overview of the institutional arrangements for transport in different US city regions and includes a chapter dedicated to New York.
Look out more episodes of the mini-series coming soon.
In the latest episode of our On Our Line podcast series , Nicole discusses the architecture and design of Crossrail’s stations with architecture critic Hugh Pearman and Crossrail’s Head of Architecture Julian Robinson.
Tune in to hear about the design vision for Crossrail and how it was implemented. Our guests elaborate on the guiding design principles, what was learnt from London Underground and the challenges to implementing that vision. In addition, they discuss how the Transport for London brand and the new unique Crossrail identity were woven into the fabric of each station to create familiar, easily navigable stations that also reflect their history, character and community.
Julian Robinson is Head of Architecture at Crossrail Ltd. He is in charge of delivering a coherent design for Crossrail’s new and upgraded stations by working with Crossrail’s many partners. Julian has described his vision for the new railway line as one that seeks to “balance the uniqueness of the Jubilee line stations with the rigidity of Holden and Pick”. Before moving to Crossrail to head its architecture team, Julian worked on the transformation of St Pancras station and the extension of the Jubilee Line.
Hugh Pearman is a London-based architecture and design critic. He is the editor of the Royal Institute of British Architects’ monthly magazine RIBA Journal. He was The Sunday Times architecture and design critic for 30 years, from 1986 to earlier this year. Hugh was a Visiting Professor in Architecture at the Royal College of Art in 2015. He served as Vice President of London’s Architectural Association and is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects.
Hugh’s books include the bestselling Contemporary World Architecture. His latest Platform for Design tells the story of the Crossrail stations’ design, documenting the design vision and approach taken, as well as the unique features of each of the 40 stations.
In episode three of our podcast Nicole discusses the history of British transport policy with Dr Geoff Dudley and Christian Wolmar.
Dr Geoff Dudley is a Visiting Research Associate at Transport Studies Unit at the University of Oxford’s. His research interest focuses on dynamics and process of policy change. His work includes an investigation into how how policy communities and different interests steered British transport policy after the Second World War – published in his book Why Does Policy Change? Lessons from British Transport Policy 1945-99
Geoff has also been examining the decision-making processes for the High Speed Rail 2 project and this year, is set to start investigating the governance of Uber in London.
Christian Wolmar is a journalist and author specialising in transport. Christian writes regularly for a wide range of national newspapers, is a frequent guest on the radio and has been a columnist for Rail magazine since 1994.
He is the author of many books on railway history including his latest book Are Trams Socialist? Why Britain Has No Transport Policy considers why there hasn’t been a coherent transport policy and why transport has never held the political importance it deserves.
Together, Dudley and Wolmar look back at the last seven decades of transport policy since the Second World War. As well as discussing the shortcomings of current and past transport policy and they investigate drivers of policy change over time.
How did the motorcar disrupt transport policy?
How have we ended up with the current institutions drafting transport policy?
Why do certain projects and policy gain momentum whilst others do not?
Why does Britain not have a coherent transport policy?
Are we in an era of a transport policy vacuum and how have we ended up in this state of affair?
Nicole talks to Dr Max Roberts, lecturer in Psychology at the University of Essex, and transport author and informational design expert Peter Lloyd.
Dr Max Roberts is an expert in transport schematics, effective design and how to evaluate them using an objective methodology. He has authored two books on metro maps and conducted design and usability studies for transport bodies including TfL.
Peter Lloyd, meanwhile, has a background in information and software design. He is also currently documenting the complete history of the New York City subway map, with the first of nine volumes published in 2012. He us currently preparing ‘Diagram Decade,’ a trilogy of books on New York’s experiment with diagram maps which started in 1958.
Together, Roberts and Lloyd discuss the current crisis in metro map design.
As networks and their connections grow in size and complexity communicating this information effectively to the traveller becomes an increasingly complex challenge. The pair talk about the fragmentation of metro map design across the globe and the the falsehood of infinite mental capacity.
They also explore the history of metro map design and design elements in London, Paris, New York and beyond. And discuss the geographic and diagrammatic design schism and how this has manifested in various cities around the world.
Our thanks, as always, to our producer Josh
Nicole talks to former Executive Director of the New York Metropolitan Transport Authority (MTA) and former board chair (and current board member) of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA), Mort Downey.
In addition to his experience on Metro systems, Mort was also the U.S. Deputy Secretary of Transportation from 1993 to 2001, making him the longest-serving person to ever hold the post. He was appointed by President Obama to serve as part of his transition team in 2008 and led the review team for transportation.
In this episode, Mort talks about the political, logistical and engineering challenges currently facing public transport in the U.S. He also talks about the infamous "death spiral" of under-investment that led to the Washington Metro train collision in 2009, the deadliest accident in the network's history, and the changes this brought about in metro (and wider railway) investment and planning in the U.S.